The Olmstead case was brought by two women with disabilities, Elaine Wilson and Louis Curtis, who were voluntarily admitted to the psychiatric unit of a state-run hospital in Georgia. After completing their treatment, mental health professionals recommended that the women be served in community-based programs. Instead, they each remained at the hospital for several years and eventually filed suit under the Americans with Disabilities Act. The case escalated to the Supreme Court and was decided on June 22, 1999, affirming that unjustified segregation of persons with disabilities constituted discrimination in violation of title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act.
Read more about the Olmstead Case here: http://www.bazelon.org/the-olmstead-case/